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The Federation of Malaysia is situated at one of the most important crossroads in the world. From antiquity, its strategic geographical position made Malaysia a natural meeting point for traders from East and West, riding on the North-East monsoon from November till March and the South-West monsoon from May till September. Lying between 1 and 7 degrees north of the Equator at longitudes 100 to 119 degrees east, it sits at the centre of Southeast Asia, making her the ideal springboard into the fast-growing Asia-Pacific region.
| Malaysia is situated at one of the world's most important crossroads.
Malaysia comprises two major land masses facing each other across the South China Sea: Peninsular Malaysia and the Bornean states of Sabah and Sarawak. The Peninsula has a land area of 134,680 square kilometres, while Sabah and Sarawak together cover 202,202 square kilometres.
Peninsular Malaysia, which is the tail-end of the Asian continent, is attached to the Kingdom of Thailand in the north via a natural land bride, and to the Republic of Singapore in the south via a three-quarter mile long Causeway. Across the Straits of Melaka, which ranks among the busiest shipping lanes in the world, lies the Indonesian island of Sumatra. The states of Sabah and Sarawak, which occupy northern Borneo, share the island with the Indonesian territory of Kalimantan and the Sultanate of Brunei Darussalam. Malaysian air space serves as the Asia-Pacific and Trans-Occidental air routes.
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